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Original Collection




The Rotunda is the main hall of the original collection. In addition to plaster casts of the Kassel Apollo, three Amazons and the frieze of the Temple of Apollo from Bassai the hall shows original marble works, such as Attic grave reliefs of the 4th century and several marble portraits, such as of the Egyptian queen Arsinoe II, or the wife of Augustus, Livia.


Room 1 

Webstuhl.jpgThe first room of the original collection shows ceramics from the Neolithic to the 6th century BC, including pieces from Crete, from the Cyclades and Cyprus, for example a bowl with the depiction of a loom. Following thast there are findings from Schliemann's Troy excavations, specimens from the Geometric Period, named after the forms of the decorations, and from the Corinthian period, named after the main production place. In good condition is also the painting on a Minoan clay sarcophagus showing a squid.



Room 2

Apulische AmphoraThe main room of the original collection shows examples of Boeotian, Attic black- and red-figure, South Italian and Hellenistic ceramics. One can understand very well the significant change of the decoration style on the examples in the two freestanding display cases. The first display case contains examples of Attic black-figure pottery in which the figures were painted with black clay slurry and were decorated with incised lines after the firing. The rear display case contains examples of Attic red-figure ceramic in which the background is painted black and the figures remain in the color of the clay. Now the inner structure could be painted with a thin brush before of the firing.


Room 3



The third room shows examples of Hellenistic and provincial ceramics, as well as exhibits of the Roman Empire, including some lamps.




Room 4

The passage behind the Rotunda shows some examples of small-scale marble or terracotta sculpture. In front of the doors to the “Hofgarten” you can see the busts of F. G. Welcker, the first director of the Academic Art Museum, and K.F. Schinckel, the important classicist architect to whose plans today’s original collection to go back significantly.


Room 5




The next room includes examples of Greek and Roman small bronzes, as well as various parts of weapons, including a Persian helmet, a gift from the Shah of Persia to the Federal Republic of Germany. In a wall display are examples of precious metals and precious stones. 




Room 6



The next room of the original collection houses the terracotta collection, the second largest division of the original collection. Among the highlights are
some high quality pieces from Southern Italy, Etruria and Sicily, from East Ionia and the Greek islands. Also important is an Egyptian wooden sarcophagus from Abusir.
The grave goods, among others two scrapers, prove that the interred was a Greek mercenary. Of interest is the mummy portrait of a young girl from the Fayum, which is considered one of the best in the genre.


Room 7

MünzeThe new exhibition space that could be added after the refurbishment allows a complete circuit through the original collection. Here the extensive collections of ancient coins and antique glass are presented far more generously. For the first time examples of ancient materials and fabrics are now on display, along with a range of everyday devices.

(Text and design: Marc Kähler; photos: J. Schubert, W. Klein, M. Bräker, translation: Angela Zimmermann)


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