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Collection of Casts

Archaic Period
(ca. 650-490 BC)

The Archaic Period is the earliest period of Greek sculpture. Typical for this period is the stylization of individual details of the body, the smile and at the beginning the block-like structure of the figures. The earliest exhibit is the cast of the Lions Gate of Mycenae from the period around 1300 BC. In addition, there are numerous casts of Kouroi, statues of naked young men, Korai, statues of young girls, as well as examples of Archaic architectural sculpture. Of special interest are the casts of the pediment sculptures of the Temple of Aphaia on Aegina, that still show the additions by the neoclassical sculptor Thorvaldsen, which have been removed from the original.


Severe Style
(ca. 490 - 450 BC)

The Severe Style is the earliest phase of the Classical Period of Greek art and represents the transition from the Archaic to the Mature Classical Period. Characteristic is the increasing movement of the body, clearly visible on the Tiber Apollo or the Apollo of Omphalos. In addition to the Tyrannicides, the God from the Sea or the Charioteer of Delphi, this hall is home to numerous architectural sculptures of the temple of Zeus at Olympia. Even the largest exhibit of the Academic Art Museum can be found here, the about 4-meter-high Archaic Kouros of Isches from Samos. 


Mature Classical Period (ca. 450 - 400 BC)

The central hall of the museum shows some of the most important casts of Greek sculpture, such as the frieze of the Parthenon of Athens. The casts are from the years 1821 and 1864-68, and thus show a state of preservation that the originals have lost in the meantime due to corrosion and air pollution. Here you can also see casts of important sculptures such as the Doryphoros, the Diadumenos or the pediment sculptures of the Parthenon. The main hall is often used for temporary exhibitions.

In the passage to the collection of originals, some grave reliefs are exhibited, for example the Relief of Dexileos, the Relief of Ilissos or the so-called Pigeon Stele from New York.

Post-Classicism / 4th Century (ca. 400-323 BC)

The hall of the 4th century shows numerous casts of sculptures that had become famous very early such as the Apollo Belvedere, the Hermes of Olympia and the Hercules Farnese. Also exhibited here are examples of architectural sculpture from the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. Typical of this era is the increasing elongation of the limbs and the whole body as well as the increasingly unstable standing position.


Hellenistic Period (ca. 323 – 30 BC)

The Hellenistic Period is the final period of Greek sculpture before it is overlaid by Roman sculpture. Its beginning is connected with the death of Alexander, its end with the reign of Augustus. It is difficult to observe a stringent style development during this period; on the contrary there are various trends existing side by side, which show themselves in closed, open, pathetic or flat forms. Main works of this period are shown here in casts, for example parts of the Pergamon Altar, the Nike of Samothrace, the Laocoon, the Aphrodite of Melos and the Thermae Ruler as well as the Uffizi Wrestlers and the Augustus of Prima Porta.

(Text and design: Marc Kähler; photos: University Bonn, W. Klein, M. Bräker, translation: Angela Zimmermann)


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